Botox is a popular drug used to treat certain muscular conditions and remove wrinkles through temporary muscle paralysis. The drug is made from a neurotoxin, which is produced by botulinum toxin, a type of bacterium Clostridium botulinum.
Here are a couple of facts you may want to know about Botox. Of course, we will discuss this drug in detail later on in the article.
1. Botox is a neurotoxin, derived from the bacterium Clostridium botulinum. This is an organism found in its natural environment where it’s non-toxic and inactive.
2. The drug is used to reduce wrinkles and fine lines by paralyzing the underlying muscles.
3. It is one of the most popular cosmetic surgery treatments, with more than 6 million Botox treatments being administered every year.
4. Also, it is used to treat muscular disorders, migraines, excessive sweating as well as bowel and bladder disorders.
5. A frightening fact about botulinum toxin is that just a single gram of it could kill over a million people, and 2kgs of it could wipe out the entire human population.
So, How Does Botox Work?
Having stated the danger capacity of high volumes of botulinum toxin, it is clearly evident that this is one of the most poisonous substances on the planet. In high concentrations, this content can lead to botulism, a severe, life-threatening condition. When this illness is left untreated, it results in respiratory failure and eventually, death. Well, despite the substance being so expensive and toxic, Botox remains to be one of the most sought after cosmetic treatments.
Botox is injected into the human body to treat various muscle conditions and eliminate wrinkles and fine lines by paralyzing the muscles temporarily. This drug has proven to be a valuable and a fruitful therapeutic protein when the dosage, the treatment frequency and the various clinical conditions are considered. It can be injected into humans in small concentrations, and it works by preventing signals from the nerves from reaching the muscles. This makes the muscles remain functionless, but not permanently of course.
For muscles to contract, the nerve cells release a chemical messenger known as acetylcholine, at the junction where the muscle cells and the nerve endings meet. This neurotransmitter attaches itself to the muscle cells endings and makes the muscle cells to shorten or contract. When a patient is injected with botox, it prevents the release of this chemical messenger and so, no muscle contraction takes place. The effect of the drug leads to a reduction in abnormal muscle contraction causing the muscles to become less stiff.
With That In Mind, Here’s How The Botox for Wrinkles Procedure is Performed
The Botox is administered by diluting it in sodium chloride and then injecting it directly into the tissue. The takes effect upon contact with the cells, but the noticeable difference will reflect after 24 to 72 hours. Take note that it can take up to 5 days for the full effect of Botox to be observed.
NOTE: Also, keep in mind that Botox shouldn’t be used in pregnant or lactating women or even people who are allergic to the substance or the ingredients.
The Risks and Side Effects Of Botulinum Toxin
Botox injections generally, are well tolerated by most patients are there are barely any side effects. In rare cases, the patient might experience genetic predisposition which leads to a mild and unusual response to the drug. This means that the person will develop antibodies to the toxin which makes the subsequent injections useless.
All in all, regulated Botox injections are safe and can be used to improve your looks cosmetically.